The Ottumwa Courier

Local News

April 7, 2012

Atlanta newspaper questions Ottumwa school district numbers

OTTUMWA — Not every school district with big jumps in test scores is cheating.

That’s the word from the Iowa Department of Education regarding implications about two school districts in Iowa: Ottumwa and Muscatine.

The finger-pointing is from a major American newspaper, the Atlanta Journal-Constitution (AJ-C), which suggested that 200 school districts across the country, including Ottumwa, have standardized test scores abnormal enough to justify a closer look by officials. They repeatedly wrote, however, that the deviations in year-to-year average scores do not indicate cheating.

But the Atlanta paper said those changes in score resemble early indicators (see sidebar) in Atlanta that ultimately led to “the biggest cheating scandal in American history.”

They look at the percentage of scores outside the exptected norms. Five percent outside expected norms is not too bad, they said, but deviations over 10 percent catch the investigator’s eye.

Concerned readers contacted the Courier after seeing the Atlanta Journal-Constitution’s mention of the Ottumwa school district.

Iowa’s DOE was unaware of the AJ-C study until contacted by the Courier.

“Any time there’s questions about the integrity of tests, that’s something we would be concerned about,” said Staci Hupp, spokesperson for the Iowa Department of Education.

Leaders and analysts there reviewed how the study was done. While they reviewed the data, the Courier asked Ottumwa Superintendent Davis Eidahl about his thoughts on the AJ-C study.

“I am thrilled that out of the whole United States, we had test scores high enough to alarm a newspaper in Georgia,” Eidahl said. “These scores show we are getting results, not only in Ottumwa, but in all of Iowa.”

He’s confident there is no cheating. As they put new teaching methods into place — methods proven to increase student achievement, including test scores — administrators expected to see jumps in test scores.

“This is just one of the assessment tools we use,” he said, adding that Ottumwa students take other standardized tests which aren’t reported to the state, and that those also show improved scores.

All assessments are used to guide teaching by showing where students are weak or strong. Faking the scores would be counterproductive, he said.

“We take extreme measures to ensure the validity of the results,” Eidahl said. “Every administrator goes through the training for testing ethics and administration. We walk them through all the do’s and dont’s, even identifying shady practices [considered gray areas] to stay away from. We don’t want to cross that line.”

The Iowa Test of Basic Skills is protected, he said.

“With the Iowa test, the publisher keeps a very tight eye on those booklets,” Eidahl said.

But there are other ways to skew results that don’t involve blatantly erasing wrong answers — like “teaching to the test.” Teachers get the answers  and tell the kids.

Another way isn’t considered cheating: teaching only subject matter the district believes will be on the test.

Since the test is supposed to reflect what is being taught in the classroom, it can appear an entire district is focusing only on certain learning areas. The drawbacks of teaching such a concentrated core has been hotly debated.

Some districts have gotten around the “teaching to the test” question by allowing kids to take “practice tests” so they’ll have a “better idea” of what’s going to be on the test. Practice tests, however, could conceivably get really, really specific.

“We don’t do practice tests because that takes time out of instruction,” said Eidahl. “We would rather spend time balancing equations than stopping to hand kids practice tests so they can practice taking a standardized test.”

Another point Eidahl made seems to have been missed by the Atlanta researchers: He sees a relation between standardized test scores and report card grades from the classroom.

If Sally has a “C” in math class, the standardized tests, in general, should echo that. It would make sense that she’d get a “C” on the standardized test which, after all, is simply checking her skill in math.

It doesn’t look like the district has done anything wrong, reported the Iowa DOE this week. They are still reviewing the data.

“We’re not aware of any cheating allegations in Ottumwa,” said Hupp.

However there are “anomalies,” the ups and downs seen by the AJ-C. DOE analysts say the Atlanta newspaper used a “cookie-cutter approach” in every state, failing to take differences in Iowa into account. Therefore, the year to year scores may not have been in context.

For example: “The methodology they use assumes all schools test at the same time [of year],” said Hupp.

Iowa is one of the few states that allows such year-to-year changes. 

“Hypothetically,” Hupp said, “if you are a district and you usually test in the fall (when kids first come back to school) and the next year you switch and take the test in the spring (when kids have had six months of training), the students may do better because they’ve had more time to [learn and] study.”

Ottumwa has switched up its testing dates over the past three years.

In its series on cheating in Georgia and across the nation, the AJ-C said principals and other employees would have “change parties,” where they would make the adjustments to improperly obtained test sheets at an employee’s home, complete with refreshments and plenty of erasers.

Kids who may not know basic skills are being ignored because they passed the test.

The paper suggests programs like “No Child Left Behind” or cash bonuses promised for increased test scores provide a motive for teachers to manipulate answers.

Test scores questioned

As an example of the Atlanta Journal-Constitution’s analysis of “suspect” test scores, these are the percentages of unusual scores for 2008, 2009 and 2010 for four of the 200 listed districts:

 

                                2008      2009        2010

Atlanta, Ga.           18.73    15.79        25.59

Yankton S.D.           0.00     5.56         25.00

Muscatine, Iowa     8.33     17.50        12.50

Ottumwa, Iowa     12.24      8.33          10.0

1
Text Only
Local News
  • Ladies Night Out through downtown Ottumwa Friday OTTUMWA — Ladies, are you ready for a night on the town? Then grab your passport and head downtown Friday evening. Beginning at 5:30 p.m. Friday, 28 downtown businesses will keep their doors open late for a special Ladies Night Out. Everyone will mee

    April 20, 2014

  • 0422 Eagle photo On a wing and a prayer

    LAKE RED ROCK — Protective gloves aren’t uncommon when dealing with a sick patient, though they’re not usually heavy, leather welder’s gloves. But, then, the patient usually doesn’t have toenails designed to puncture flesh. Or a sharp beak. Diane Mas

    April 19, 2014 1 Photo

  • 0420 OTT Gothic house easter web-color photo American Gothic House celebrates Easter weekend Kids participate in an egg roll competition Saturday on the American Gothic House lawn in Eldon. Families were invited to come and participate in Easter-themed events and make crafts. They also had the opportunity to dress up and pose in front of the

    April 19, 2014 1 Photo

  • 0422 OTT Egg hunt color photo -L On a roll this Easter ELDON — If you pulled up to the American Gothic House Center Saturday afternoon at moments before 1 p.m., you probably had to park halfway down the road. Cars filled the parking lot and spilled out onto the street as parents and kids from all over so

    April 19, 2014 1 Photo

  • Ups and downs OTTUMWA — Iowa's governor and his lieutenant seemed thrilled with part of the employment news Friday. Gov. Terry Branstad's Twitter page said: "BREAKING: Iowa's employment reaches all-time high of 1,615,200." Iowa Workforce Development confirms the n

    April 18, 2014

  • Those who came before OTTUMWA — There is so much information on researching genealogy, beginners may not know where to start. But experts and knowledgeable amateurs will offer help as they gather for a free Family History Fair to share which websites are worthwhile and wh

    April 18, 2014

  • 0419 OTT Tree planting color photo -T -M -L Young Ottumwans show their green thumbs OTTUMWA — Several of Ottumwa’s cemeteries and parks were recipients of new trees this week as Ottumwa High School students and Eagle Scouts dedicated their time to planting dozens of trees around the city. Students from the OHS JROTC class were at Ot

    April 18, 2014 4 Photos

  • 0419 OTT Prayer Walk 2 bw photo -L -M -T On a journey OTTUMWA — The seven blocks through the center of Ottumwa took more than an hour and a half to walk as 25 people prayed and read Scripture to reflect on the events of Good Friday. Led by the Ottumwa Area Fellowship of Pastors, the walk began at First

    April 18, 2014 3 Photos

  • 0419 OTT drought map -L -T -M Drought weakens grip on Iowa OTTUMWA — Last weekend saw the first significant rains in quite some time for the Ottumwa area. How long? The last day with at least a half-inch of rain was back on Nov. 20. It was a welcome rain, arriving after the ground had thawed. That allowed at

    April 18, 2014 1 Photo

  • Eugene Clark STOCKPORT — Eugene Morris Clark, 90, of Stockport, died at 5:30 p.m. April 17, 2014, at Good Samaritan Health and Rehabilitation Center, Ottumwa. Graveside services will be at 11 a.m. Monday in Spencer Cemetery northeast of Stockport; Pastor Richard

    April 18, 2014

Photo reprints


Obituaries

Facebook
E-edition